A Review of Cooperative Learning in EFL Classroom
Keywords:cooperative learning, collaborative learning, English teaching method
This paper reviews the literature on the effects of cooperative learning (CL) among students and teachers. The purpose of this paper is to find out the effectiveness of cooperative learning in helping to improve students’ academic performance, as well as the impact of the implementation of CL on students’ and teachers’ attitudes and on students’ anxiety, motivation, and interest. Many studies have found that CL is an effective teaching method worldwide in the 21st century. In these studies, researchers collected quantitative and qualitative data by using various instruments, such as experiments, surveys, questionnaires, and interviews, and they applied different methods to analyze data, including theory analysis, thematic analysis, descriptive and inferential analysis. Findings from the reviewed research showed that the use of the CL can help students improve their academic performance, and most students and teachers showed positive attitudes towards the implementation of CL. In addition, using CL in English classrooms had also been found to help students reduce anxiety and develop motivation and interest. In China's English classes, compared with cooperative learning, the traditional English teaching focuses more on competitive and individualistic learning. Based on the results of previous literature studies, the researcher suggests that China's teachers can consider to apply the CL technique in English classes, which may improve students' academic performance and attitudes.
Alrayah, H. (2018). The Effectiveness of Cooperative Learning Activities in Enhancing EFL Learners' Fluency. English Language Teaching, 11(4), 21-31.
Al-Tamimi, N. O. M., & Attamimi, R. A. (2014). Effectiveness of cooperative learning in enhancing speaking skills and attitudes towards learning English. International Journal of Linguistics, 6(4), 27.
Celik, S., Aytın, K., & Bayram, E. (2013). Implementing cooperative learning in the language classroom: opinions of Turkish teachers of English. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 70, 1852-1859.
DEMİREL, E. E. E. (2019). Cooperative Learning in EFL Classes: A Comparative Study on Vocabulary Teaching. Selçuk Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü Dergisi, (42), 344-354.
Er, S., & AtaÇ, B. A. (2014). Cooperative learning in ELT classes: The attitudes of students towards cooperative learning in ELT classes. International Online Journal of Education and Teaching (IOJET), 1(2), 109-122.
Fekri, N. (2016). Investigating the Effect of Cooperative Learning and Competitive Learning Strategies on the English Vocabulary Development of Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners. English Language Teaching, 9(11), 6-12.
Johnson, D. W., Johnson, R. T., & Stanne, B. (2000). Cooperative learning methods: A meta-analysis. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (1999). Making cooperative learning work. Theory into Practice, 38(2), 67-73.
Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. T. (1994). Leading the cooperative school (2nd ed.). Edina, MN: Interaction Book Co.
Kupczynski, L., Mundy, M. A., Goswami, J., & Meling, V. (2012). Cooperative Learning in Distance Learning: A Mixed Methods Study. Online Submission, 5(2), 81-90.
Kagan, S. (1994). Cooperative Learning. San Clemente, CA: Kagan Publishing.
Ning, H., & Hornby, G. (2014). The impact of cooperative learning on tertiary EFL learners’ motivation. Educational review, 66(1), 108-124.
Slavin, R. E. (1995) Cooperative learning: Theory, research, and practice (2nd edition). Boston, MA, Allyn & Bacon.
Slavin, R. E. (1990). Synthesis of Research on Cooperative Learning: Educational Leadership. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Talebi, F., & Sobhani, A. (2012). The impacts of cooperative learning on oral proficiency. Mediterranean journal of social sciences, 3(3), 75-75.
Vermette, P. J. (1998). Making cooperative learning work: Student teams in K-12 classrooms. Merrill.
Wei, P., & Tang, Y. (2015). Cooperative learning in English class of Chinese junior high school. Creative Education, 6(03), 397.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 ARSVOT
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.